Tesla Model S Owners & Service Manuals

Tesla Model S: Factors Affecting Energy Consumption

Tesla Model S (2012-2024) Owner's Manual / Driving / Getting Maximum Range / Factors Affecting Energy Consumption

While driving:

  • Elevated driving speed.
  • Environmental conditions such as cold or hot weather and wind.
  • Using climate controls to heat or cool the cabin.
  • Uphill travel: Driving uphill requires more energy and depletes range at a faster rate. However, driving downhill allows your vehicle to regain a portion of its expended energy through regenerative braking (see Regenerative Braking).
  • Short trips or stop-and-go traffic: It takes energy to bring the cabin and Battery to a specified temperature when starting the vehicle. You may see a higher average consumption when the vehicle is used for very short trips or in heavy traffic.
  • Heavy cargo load.
  • Windows rolled down.
  • Wheels and tires not maintained.
  • Customized settings or third-party accessories (roof or trunk racks, third-party wheels).

While parked and not plugged in to a charger:

  • Preconditioning the cabin or using climate controls.
  • Summon.
  • Vehicle infotainment and climate controls system.
  • Sentry mode.
  • Tesla or third-party mobile app requests.

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