Tesla Model S Owners & Service Manuals

Tesla Model S: Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

Tesla Model S (2012-2024) Service Manual / Chassis / Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) / Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

Note: Loosen suspension fasteners by hand, then use a cordless electric drill with a 3/8 in drive adapter and a 3/8 in drive air ratchet wrench.

Warning: Only technicians who have been trained in High Voltage Awareness are permitted to perform this procedure. Proper personal protective equipment (PPE) and insulating HV gloves with a minimum rating of class 00 (500V) must be worn any time a high voltage cable is handled. Refer to Tech Note TN-15-92-003, "High Voltage Awareness Care Points" for additional safety information.

Warning: If the vehicle has air suspension, activate "Jack" mode on the touchscreen before raising and supporting the vehicle.

Warning: If the 12V power supply is disconnected, do not attempt to open any doors with door glass in closed position. Failure to follow this instruction could result in door glass shatter.

Note: Before disconnecting the 12V power supply, ensure that the driver's door window is fully open. Failure to follow this instruction could result in vehicle lockout.

Removal

  1. Prepare the vehicle for lifting:
    1. Air suspension vehicles only: Put the vehicle into Jack mode.
    2. Put the vehicle into Tow mode.
    3. Support the vehicle, but do not lift it at this time.
  2. Perform the vehicle electrical isolation procedure (refer to procedure).
  3. Remove the rear wheels (refer to procedure).
  4. On both sides of the vehicle, remove the nut that secures the shock absorber to the knuckle (torque 140 Nm), but do not remove the bolt yet.

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  5. On both sides of the vehicle, loosen the bolts (x2) that secure the brake caliper to the knuckle (torque 120 Nm). Remove and support the calipers.

    Caution: To avoid damage to the brake line, the brake caliper must be supported at all times.

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  6. Remove the park brake calipers (refer to procedure).
  7. Remove the mid aero shield (refer to procedure).
  8. Remove the subframe shear plates by removing the nut (torque 35 Nm), clips (x2), and screws (x3) (torque 6 Nm) that secure each shear plate to the subframe.

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  9. If equipped, remove the screws (x2) that secure the rear skid plate to the subframe (torque 10 Nm).

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  10. Large drive unit only: Remove the bolt that secures the coolant nipple to the coolant manifold (torque 6 Nm).

    Note: If the drive unit is being replaced, apply lubricant to the O-ring and transfer the nipple to the new drive unit.

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  11. Release the clips that secure the HV cables:
    • Large drive unit: 2 clips to the subframe

      Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

    • Small drive unit: 2 clips to the body

      Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  12. Disconnect the subframe harnesses from the body harness.
    • Vehicles built through September 2014: 4 connectors at the back of the rear subframe

      Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

    • Vehicles built after September 2014: 3 connectors above the RH side of the rear undershield

      Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  13. On the RH side of the drive unit, disconnect the logic connector.
    • Large drive unit:  
    • Small drive unit:  

    Release the HV inverter cables (x2).

    • Large drive unit:
      1. Release the bolt that secures the drive inverter cover (torque 3 Nm).

        Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

      2. Remove both O-rings from the drive inverter cover and discard.
      3. Release the 2 fasteners that secure the HV cables (torque 9 Nm). Do not remove the cables at this time.

        Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

    • Small drive unit: Remove and discard the 4 screws that retain the HV cables (torque 7 Nm). Move the cables away from the drive unit.

      Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  14. Small drive unit only: On the top RH side of the drive unit, release the ground strap from the drive unit (torque 6.5 Nm).
  15. If the drive unit is being removed, drain the gearbox fluid (refer to procedure).
  16. Drain the coolant from the drive unit.
    • Large drive unit: Clamp and release the hoses from the transmission and drive inverter.
    • Small drive unit: Clamp and release the hoses from the T-junctions on each side of the drive unit. Note: During removal of the subframe, 2 coolant hoses remain attached to the drive unit.

      LH side

      LH side

      RH side

      RH side

  17. Position the subframe fixture beneath the subframe.
  18. Carefully lower the vehicle so that the subframe table supports the subframe.
  19. Remove the bolts (x4) that secure the rear subframe to the body (torque 140 Nm).

    Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Removal

  20. Carefully raise the vehicle approximately 3 in (75 mm) to gain access to the remaining attachments.
  21. On both sides of the vehicle, remove the bolt that secures the shock absorber to the knuckle.
  22. Large drive unit only: Release the remaining attachments to the drive unit:
    1. Pull the HV cables out of the drive unit.
    2. On the top RH side of the drive unit, disconnect the ground strap from the drive unit (torque 6.5 Nm).
  23. Fully raise the vehicle.

Caution: While raising the vehicle, have an assistant monitor the underside of the vehicle. Ensure that no components are still connected and that there is sufficient clearance so that no components are damaged.

    READ NEXT:

     Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Install) - Installation

    Installation Installation procedure is the reverse of removal, except for the following: Warning: Only use cleaning agents and solvents in a well-ventilated area.

     Subframe Assembly - Rear (Remove and Replace)

    Removal Remove the rear drive unit: Small drive unit: Refer to procedure. Large drive unit: Refer to procedure. Remove the rear

     Subframe Assembly - Front (Remove and Install)

    Special tools required for this procedure: Supplier Part Number Description

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    Removal Remove door trim pad (refer to procedure) Partially lower glass for access to glass clamp. Remove water proof tape for access to adjustment clamp. Loosen but do not remove clamp nut securing door glass to regulator (torque 7.5 Nm). This allows glass to move fore and

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